A brief history of Argentina´s settlement
Argentina is a country of passion and patriotism that has been through quite the turmoil over its history. It´s had wave after wave of new migrants wanting to make a new life for there families and culture and it can be seen and heard throughout the country. From extravagant buildings in Buenos Aires built in many different styles to the ruins of San ignacio built by the Jesuits in the 1630. While there is books and books about Argentine history and people have devoted their lives to figuring it out, I am going to attempt to simplify this to the essentials that may make understanding current culture a little easier.
Native people of Argentina
Putting an exact date on when Argentina, or even the americas in general, were settled is difficult but most people set it back to anywhere between 30,000 to 4,000 years ago (yes it is quite the gap!) Argentina had a few indigenous groups that scarcely populated the country prior to the spanish arrival. These small groups, some known as the Onas, the Quilmes, and the Yámana, were very tiny compared to the likes of the Aztecs or the Incas which dominated the continent to the north.
Europe’s first arrival to Argentina
Europeans discovered the south american continent around 1502 with one of these voyages by Amerigo Vespucci who, with his crew, discovered not only that south america extended much further south than they thought, but that the “new world” was a separate continent to asia and was an unknown continent to europeans. In 1512 a portuguese explorer named João de Lisboa released a treatise of seamanship, within which is the map where the Rio de la Plata is pictured. During the next 20 years many excursions around and into the country took place but it was not until 1536 that the country started having settlements. Pedro de Mendoza established a colony in 1536 where the modern day Buenos Aires is, but later abandoning it in 1541. Over the next 200 years more settlements popped up over the country and in 1776 the spanish established the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata which covered Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and parts of Bolivia. Buenos Aires grew as a port city with many goods such as leather and agriculture making good revenue for the city making it one of the most established and important commercial centers.
Argentina’s fight for independence
Spain´s connection to this land faded with turmoil and wars within Europe and the loss of many Spanish naval ships. Which led to the British attempting to invade the Viceroyalty in 1806 and 1807, but losing to Santiago de Liniers and his army without the help of the mainland Spain. With such prolific victories Santiago was appointed the 1st count of Buenos Aires. This was however short lived and the viceroyalty took back its control leading Liniers to retire. With more wars in mainland Spain and the capture of the Spanish king, people were seeking out independence from the viceroyalty. From 1807 to 1810 there were many attempts to overthrow local authorities, but on the 25th of May 1810 after a series of week long events they proclaimed that spain had lost control of the country and brought the start of the Argentine war of independence. Which is a story for another day.
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